And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned. Athens, alone of the states we know, comes to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her.
Rum stood for the liquor interests and the tavernkeepers, in contrast to the GOP, which had a strong dry element. Demographic trends aided the Democrats, as the German and Irish Catholic immigrants were Democrats and outnumbered the English and Scandinavian Republicans.
Religious lines were sharply drawn. In sharp contrast, liturgical groups, especially the Catholics, Episcopalians and German Lutherans, looked to the Democratic Party for protection from pietistic moralism, especially prohibition.
Both parties cut across the class structure, with the Democrats more bottom-heavy. Cultural issues, especially prohibition and foreign language schools became important because of the sharp religious divisions in the electorate. Prohibition debates and referendums heated up politics in most states over a period of decade as national prohibition was finally passed in repealed inserving as a major issue between the wet Democrats and the dry GOP.
McKinley promised that high tariffs would end the severe hardship caused by the Panic of and that the GOP would guarantee a sort of pluralism in which all groups would benefit. He denounced William Jennings Bryanthe Democratic nominee, as a dangerous radical whose plans for "Free Silver" at 16—1 or Bimetallism would bankrupt the economy.
McKinley relied heavily on finance, railroads, industry and the middle classes for his support and cemented the Republicans as the party of business.
McKinley was the first President to promote pluralismarguing that prosperity would be shared by all ethnic and religious groups. Theodore Roosevelt leads party to landslide win in Roosevelt achieved modest legislative gains in terms of railroad legislation and pure food laws.
He was more successful in Court, bringing antitrust suits that broke up the Northern Securities Company trust and Standard Oil.
Roosevelt moved to the left in his last two years in office, but was unable to pass major Square Deal proposals.
He did succeed in naming his successor Secretary of War William Howard Taft who easily defeated Bryan again in the presidential election. President Theodore Roosevelt watches the party team pull apart on tariff issue The tariff issue was pulling the GOP apart. Roosevelt tried to postpone the issue, but Taft had to meet it head on in with the Payne—Aldrich Tariff Act.
Eastern conservatives led by Nelson W. Aldrich wanted high tariffs on manufactured goods especially woolenswhile Midwesterners called for low tariffs. Aldrich tricked them by lowering the tariff on farm products, which outraged the farmers.
Insurgent Midwesterners led by George Norris revolted against the conservatives led by Speaker Cannon. The Democrats won control of the House in as the rift between insurgents and conservatives widened. Roosevelt led his delegates out of the convention and created a new party the Progressiveor "Bull Moose" ticketin the election of Few party leaders followed him except Hiram Johnson of California.
Roosevelt had the support of many notable women reformers, including Jane Addams. The first important reform mayor was Hazen S. Pingree of Detroit —who was elected governor of Michigan in Golden Rule Jones was first elected mayor of Toledo as a Republican inbut was reelected as an independent when his party refused to renominate him.
Many Republican civic leaders, following the example of Mark Hannawere active in the National Civic Federationwhich promoted urban reforms and sought to avoid wasteful strikes. HardingCalvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover were resoundingly elected inandrespectively. The breakaway efforts of Senator Robert La Follette in failed to stop a landslide for Coolidge and his movement fell apart.
The Teapot Dome Scandal threatened to hurt the party, but Harding died and Coolidge blamed everything on him as the opposition splintered in Although the party did very well in large cities and among ethnic Catholics in presidential elections of —, it was unable to hold those gains in Hoover was by nature an activist and attempted to do what he could to alleviate the widespread suffering caused by the Depression, but his strict adherence to what he believed were Republican principles precluded him from establishing relief directly from the federal government.
The Depression cost Hoover the presidency with the landslide election of Franklin D. Norris in Nebraska, Senator Bronson M. They were generally progressive in domestic policy, supported unions  and supported much of the New Dealbut were isolationist in foreign policy.The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political attheheels.com party values reflect economic conservatism, classical conservatism (modern day American conservatism) and corporate liberty attheheels.com is the second oldest existing political party in the United States after its primary rival, the Democratic Party.
Democratic-Republican Party, originally (–98) Republican Party, first opposition political party in the United States. Organized in as the Republican Party, its members held power nationally between and Key events in the life of Thomas Jefferson.
Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Long regarded as America’s most distinguished “apostle of liberty,” Jefferson has come .
Did the Democrats and Republicans “Switch Parties”? The American political parties, now called Democrats and Republicans, switched platform planks, ideologies, and members many times in American attheheels.com switches were typically spurred on by major legislative changes and events, such as the Civil War in the ’s, and Civil Rights in the ’s.
Search and browse our historical collection to find news, notices of births, marriages and deaths, sports, comics, and much more. The North triumphed in the Civil War, and the Republican Party emerged as the dominant political force in the United States for the next fifty years.
Between and , Republicans won every presidential election except for two. Northerners overwhelmingly supported the Republican Party.