Introduction to Sociology In this unit, you will be introduced to the discipline of sociology. You will learn about the development of sociology as a field of research and discover various theoretical perspectives central to the study of society. You will also take a look at the process of sociological research and explore different ethical concerns social scientists and researchers face in their work.
Corporate Crime Closely related to white-collar crime is corporate crime. Corporate crime is when entire companies, not just individuals, break the law.
Corporate crimes such as selling dangerous products or polluting the environment have a huge cost to our society. This cost goes beyond money.
White collar crime and corporate crime costs our society more money than street crime. It could be argued that more people are killed in our country because of white collar and corporate crimes than street crime unsafe working conditions, unsafe products such as Firestone tires, environmental pollution, price-fixing, stock manipulation.
Because the goal of corporations is to make profits, there is a financial incentive to make decisions without considering the consequences to the customers, employees, or the environment. As with white-collar criminals above, the criminal justice system treats corporate criminals much more gently than street criminals.
Organized Crime Organized crime is a business supplying illegal goods or services. It is related to the economic concept of supply and demand. Goods and services such as sex, drugs, and gambling have long had connections to organized crime. There is a connection between organized crime and the moral order crimes discussed above.
Organized crime depends on the corruption of police and government officials for its survival and to make profits. Another feature of organized crime is the use of violence to enforce conformity within organized crime groups.
The need for obedience and trust has led many organized crime groups to be ethnically or racially based. Violence is also used to eliminate competition. A political crime is any illegal act intended to influence the political system.
Governments can pass laws against any type of behavior. The question then becomes, is it illegal to disobey unjust laws? To challenge laws puts an individual up against the state. Governments themselves can engage in criminal activity. Can you think of a historical example of where the U.
The Criminal Justice System The criminal justice system includes the police, the courts, the prisons, and other institutions whose task is to control crime in society.
The goals of the criminal justice system are to deter people from committing crimes, to provide society with some retribution against those who have violate serious social values and norms, and to rehabilitate those who have committed such violations.
The law itself, the administration of the law by the police and judges, and the prisons all express bias against certain categories of people.
Laws The most important requirement for a just system is a body of nondiscriminatory laws. There are two primary models for how laws are created. The first is the consensus model of law.This unit introduces the discipline of sociology, including something about its history, questions, theory, and scientific methods, and what distinguishes it from other social science disciplines.
Hirshi believed that social bonds weaken when isolation occurs.
Once the social bonds break, deviance occurs. To prevent deviance, a social bond such as scouting would . Unit - 4 Contemporary Issues and Industrial Disputes Grievance A grievance is a wrong or hardship suffered, which is the grounds of a complaint.
A grievance is a feeling of dissatisfaction or injustice that employees thinks or feel in the connection with his employment which may or may not be valid.
answers sociology pdf - mastering basic concepts unit 3 answers sociology pdf international legal english - lyceum iuris - v reading listening writing and speaking language unit 1 the practice of law page 8 a bodies of law b the adversarial and inquisitorial systems c types of law. Unit Objectives: AH2.H Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of United States foreign policy since Reconstruction.
AH2.H Explain the reasons for United States involvement in global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs. Globalisation involves the interconnection of nation states and the individuals within them.
This interconnectedness is reflected in terms of culture, economics and politics. Globalisation refers to 2 related processes; A blurring of Geographical Boundaries, and increased connectivity between.