See Article History Alternative Titles: Life Franco was born at the coastal city and naval centre of El Ferrol in Galicia northwestern Spain. More disciplined and serious than other boys his age, Franco was close to his mother, a pious and conservative upper middle-class Roman Catholic.
The History Learning Site, 25 May General Francisco Franco General Franco was born in and he died in Franco had been born into a military family.
From tohe was educated at Toledo Infantry Academy and he served in Spanish Morocco from to He made a name for himself leading attacks against Moroccan nationalists and in was promoted to full general and made principal of Saragossa Military Academy.
He stayed out of politics until he was ordered to put down a strike by coal miners in the Asturias. Here, the miners had created a soviet — a word that struck fear into many western Europeans.
Franco suppressed the coal strike with efficiency but very ruthlessly. This one incident sealed his reputation for brutality though Franco saw it as he and his army simply carrying out an order to the best of his efficiency.
ByFranco was chief of staff for the military. In JulyFranco lead a revolt against the Popular Front. It started in the Canary Islands, where Franco was governor and spread to Morocco where he had made many contacts in the 17 years he was based there.
In OctoberFranco was appointed generalissimo of Nationalist Spain and head of state. This had the support of all those various factions on the right.
His government was recognised as legitimate by the French and the British in February In AprilAmerica recognised Franco as head of Spain. Why did Britain, France and America recognise a man associated with brutality and right wing politics? Second, the Popular Front was seen for right or wrong, as being associated with communism and the fear of this belief was still rampant in Europe.
Franco was seen as the better bet of the two. From on, Franco was a dictator. His rule was law. In Julya law was passed that made Franco head of state for life.
Students protested about a lack of personal freedom. The leaders of the Roman Catholic Church also complained about his dictatorship and Basque separatists were a constant problem. Despite this, Franco was not a political pariah. During the Cold War, Franco was seen as a safe bet against any spread of communism in western Europe.
When he died in Novemberthe monarchy was restored when Prince Juan Carlos became head of state, as Franco had decreed.Spain under the rule of Francisco Franco, from to , following the Spanish Civil War.
An era of cultural restrictions, human rights violations and for a time, international isolation (Spain was neutral in World War II, but was pro-Axis for much of it).
Francisco Franco, in full Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco Bahamonde, byname El Caudillo (“The Leader”) (born December 4, , El Ferrol, Spain—died November 20, , Madrid), general and leader of the Nationalist forces that overthrew the Spanish democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War (–39); thereafter he was .
Francisco Franco, the Spanish dictator and general, was perhaps Europe's most successful fascist leader because he actually managed to survive in power until his natural death.
Profile of Spanish Dictator Francisco Franco Arguably Europe's Most Successful Fascist Leader. Share Flipboard Email Print Franco and Commanders Wikimedia Commons History & Culture.
He came to rule Spain .
The referendum law was used twice during Franco's rule—in , including those of the Fundación Francisco Franco, which as well as other Francoist archives remain as of inaccessible to the public.
Furthermore. The family of Spain’s late fascist dictator Francisco Franco will use all possible legal means to prevent a government plan to move their ancestor’s During Franco’s rule.