Introduction The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so.
You can read four articles free per month. To have complete access to the thousands of philosophy articles on this site, please Books Truth and Progress by Richard Rorty Is truth about the way the world is, or is it about what is convenient for society?
Les Reid takes a look at a modern pragmatist and asks: Truth is an important concept in our everyday lives. We want our politicians and the media to tell us the truth.
We want our law courts to punish or release people depending on the truth of the charges against them. We want lies and propaganda to be exposed as such. We expect scientists to conduct their research honestly and to report the facts, not some convenient fiction.
Truth is also an elementary concept. We expect our children to distinguish between telling lies and telling the truth and we expect them to do so from an early age. But what is truth? And how do we know when we have it? Whatever else it is, it is a problem that has exercised philosophers since the beginning of philosophy.
The commonsense view of truth is that a statement is true if it describes situations or events as they really were or are. A kind of correspondence or match is needed, between the description and the reality.
When correspondence fails, we have falsehood, whether it is the effect of deliberate deceit or unintentional error. Richard Rorty will have none of it. He says that the correspondence theory of truth does not work and that we should dump the notion of correspondence itself.
Statements are supported by other statements. Even ostensive definition is an act within a language game. Rorty has been expounding his philosophy for many years now and has encountered considerable opposition.
His opponents include many of the leading philosophers of today: Truth and Progress is an anthology of essays written during the s in which Rorty squares up to his opponents. The book is quite demanding. It is not for the casual reader or philosophical dabbler. It assumes a good grasp of the main arguments about mind, realism, truth and science.
But it creates an exciting image of philosophical struggle and it maps out, albeit from a particular perspective, the various positions of a range of contemporary philosophers on the big issues. The main subject is truth, but Rorty goes on to outline his moral philosophy, his politics, his attitude to feminism and post-modernism, and his view of philosophy itself as a social practice.
The account of mind that Rorty favours owes a lot to Ryle and Wittgenstein, as he acknowledges. There is no Cartesian theatre. In this way Rorty replaces mind-body dualism with a body-only monism that obviates all the paradoxes and contradictions that Cartesianism generates.
I found myself agreeing with Rorty on Cartesian dualism, but I was reluctant to stay with him when he pressed on to reject what he described as another dualism — the correspondence theory of truth.
The dualism lies in the distinction between social construction and objective fact.Richard Rorty (—) Richard Rorty was an important American philosopher of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century who blended expertise in philosophy and comparative literature into a perspective called "The New Pragmatism" or “neopragmatism.”.
A pragmatic theory of truth is a theory of truth within the philosophies of pragmatism and attheheels.comtic theories of truth were first posited by Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John attheheels.com common features of these theories are a reliance on the pragmatic maxim as a means of clarifying the meanings of difficult concepts such as truth; and an emphasis on the fact that.
Richard Rorty (–) is one of the most widely read of contemporary American philosophers, influenced by John Dewey’s philosophy of pragmatism (or practical, motivated inquiry), Ludwig Wittgenstein’s emphasis on the centrality of language, and Friedrich Nietzsche’s doubts about truth.
This volume is designed to set out some of the central issues in the theory of truth. It draws together, for the first time, the debates between philosophers who favor 'robust' or 'substantive' theories of truth, and those other, 'deflationist' or minimalists, who deny that such theories can be given.
relativism. Belief that human judgments are always conditioned by the specific social environment of a particular person, time, or place.
Cognitive relativists hold that there can be no universal knowledge of the world, but only diverse interpretations of it.
Books Truth and Progress by Richard Rorty Is truth about the way the world is, or is it about what is convenient for society? Les Reid takes a look at a modern pragmatist and asks: Who’s Afraid of Richard Rorty?.
Truth is an important concept in our everyday lives.