A systems approach to the study of human behavior. Retrieved [date] from http:
In reality, a manager has to use the existing resources for a given task, and must have the ability to understand the differences in individual behaviors and use them appropriately to increase the synergy.
In order to understand individual behavior and personalities, it is important to understand the basics of human cognition. Integrated human behavior model I have formulated an abstract model of human behavior which explains the process that produces the individual differences.
Cognition is the thought process in humans that describes how the information Human behavior in an organization constantly acquire is transformed, stored and used as knowledge in future decision making. It includes a wide range of mental processes like visual imagery, language, problem solving, decision making etc.
The brain receives the stimuli from the external environment through the sense, which is immediately registered in our sensory memory, which is large but keeps the information for few seconds only.
The observation process tries to match the information in the sensory memory with the previous knowledge and creates a perception of the stimuli, thereby abstracting useful information from the sensory memory.
This abstracted information then passes to the short-term memory or the working memory, which also caches the related knowledge from the long-term memory. The short-term memory has slightly longer latency than the sensory memory, it is needed only till the reaction of the stimuli.
The long term memory has enormous capacity and is the primary knowledge base. The other two important parameters are the desired outcome and the required response time to the stimuli. At the center of the analytical mind is a myriad of cognitive processes that operate sequentially or in parallel, in complex permutations in order to satisfy these primary constraints.
The consequence of this entire cognitive activity is a response to the environmental stimuli, which is the observed as the behavior of the individual.
Finally, the resulting behavior is feed backed into the memory; it modifies the existing perceptual knowledge, seeds a new one or the stimuli and its response is simply ignored Dimensions of cognitive psychology The cognition can be characterized by considering the process itself and its robustness.
At a higher level of abstraction, the thinking can be characterized as rational or emotional, while its robustness is determined by it stability.
Rational Vs Emotional Thinking Rational thinking is a response based on process of logical reasoning; it involves some form of mathematical or statistical knowledge where the process has implicit proof of its validity. Attribution is one of the rational processes that involve determining the reason or cause of an observed behavior.
Emotional thinking is a response based on how a person feels about the object in question. Neurologically, emotions follow a short cut pathway to limbic response, bypassing the other cognitive thought processes.
It can be considered as most primitive response when dealing with incomplete and uncertain sensory data. However, emotions have considerable influence on decision making and other cognitive processes even with existence of alternate rational reasons.
Stable Vs Evolving Experiences Every stimuli creates a response which is stored in the long-term memory, repetition of the same stimuli over a period of time, hard wires the response. These patterns of stimuli and response form a stable section of our cognitive processes, thus as the person ages, more and more responses get hard-wired.
|Popular 'Systems & Methodologies' Terms||Leadership and Human Behavior We must become the change we want to see.|
|Obedience (human behavior) - Wikipedia||It reflects a basic ignorance of the relation between brain and mind.|
On the other hand, stimuli that have little or no previously recorded responses are in the evolutionary stage, the response might change depending upon the cumulative degree of success of the previous responses.
In the organizational social system, the relationship between manager and the employees is not unidirectional but bidirectional. If this bi-directional process is successful, it would create a behavioral congruence between manager and subordinate and would be a positive outcome.
Otherwise it would lead to dissatisfaction and frustration for both of them and would eventually lead to end of their relationship through job termination. The subordinate will have a perception of his own job and non-work responsibilities and an expectation of how his manager would perceive the same.
Due to identification of this bi-directional relationship, the following discussion is adapted to reflect this concern. Factors Influencing Individual Behavior Abilities Abilities of a person are the natural or learnt traits.
Abilities can be classified into mental and physical abilities and different task requires different level of the two.Organizational behavior is the study of both group and individual performance and activity within an organization.
Internal and external perspectives are . What is Human Services? The field of Human Services is broadly defined, uniquely approaching the objective of meeting human needs through an interdisciplinary knowledge base, focusing on prevention as well as remediation of problems, and maintaining a commitment to improving the overall quality of life of service populations.
What’s the Difference Between Human Resources and Organizational Development? Being part of a consulting firm that focuses on people analytics and organization development, I am often asked to explain the precise differences between human resources (HR) and organization development (OD).
A worldview, conceptual fr amework, or model is a critical component of one's vision of the possibilities for human learning and development as it defines the important variables to consider and the relationships among those variables.
There are a number of different philosophical positions that provide a foundation for organization and interpretation of empirical data into models. Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their attheheels.com engage in a variety of sexual acts, ranging from activities done alone (e.g., masturbation) to acts with another person (e.g., sexual intercourse, non-penetrative sex, oral sex, etc.) in varying patterns of frequency, for a wide variety of reasons.
Obedience, in human behavior, is a form of "social influence in which a person yields to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure". Obedience is generally distinguished from compliance, which is behavior influenced by peers, and from conformity, which is behavior intended to match that of the attheheels.coming on context, obedience can be seen as moral, immoral, or amoral.