World population estimates and History of the world Estimates of world population by their nature are an aspect of modernitypossible only since the Age of Discovery.
In fact, as J. The wealth of the ancient city-states of Venice and Genoa was based on their powerful navies, and treaties with other great powers to control trade.
This evolved into nations designing their trade policies to intercept the wealth of others mercantilism. Occasionally one powerful country would overwhelm another through interception of its wealth though a trade war, covert war, or hot war; but the weaker, less developed countries usually lose in these exchanges.
It is the military power of the more developed countries that permits them to dictate the terms of trade and maintain unequal relationships.
As European and American economies grew, they needed to continue expansion to maintain the high standards of living that some elites were attaining in those days. This required holding on to, and expanding colonial territories in order to gain further access to the raw materials and resources, as well exploiting cheap labor.
Those Essay on the world global economic crisis resisted were often met with brutal repression or military interventions. This is not a controversial perception. President Woodrow Wilson recognized this in the early part of the 20th century: Since trade ignores national boundaries and the manufacturer insists on having the world as a market, the flag of his nation must follow him, and the doors of the nations which are closed against him must be battered down.
Concessions obtained by financiers must be safeguarded by ministers of state, even if the sovereignty of unwilling nations be outraged in the process. Colonies must be obtained or planted, in order that no useful corner of the world may be overlooked or left unused.
Richard Robbins, Professor of Anthropology and author of Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism is also worth quoting at length: The Great Global Depression of that lasted essentially until was the first great manifestation of the capitalist business crisis.
The depression was not the first economic crisis [as there had been many for thousands of years] but the financial collapse of revealed the degree of global economic integration, and how economic events in one part of the globe could reverberate in others.
Given this situation, if you were an American or European investor inwhere would you look for economic expansion? The obvious answer was to expand European and American power overseas, particularly into areas that remained relatively untouched by capitalist expansion — Africa, Asia, and the Pacific.
Colonialism had become, in fact, a recognized solution to the need to expand markets, increase opportunities for investors, and ensure the supply of raw material. In Rhodes said: I was in the East End of London yesterday and attended a meeting of the unemployed.
I listened to the wild speeches, which were just a cry for breadbread, and on my way home I pondered over the scene and I became more than ever convinced of the importance of imperialism. The Empire, as I have always said, is a bread and butter question.
If you want to avoid civil war, you must become imperialist. As a result of this cry for imperialist expansion, people all over the world were converted into producers of export crops as millions of subsistence farmers were forced to become wage laborers producing for the market and required to purchase from European and American merchants and industrialists, rather than supply for themselves, their basic needs.
World War II was another such battle, perhaps the ultimate one. However, the former imperial nations realized that to fight like this is not the way, and became more cooperative instead.
The Soviet attempt of an independent path to development flawed that it was, because of its centralized, paranoid and totalitarian perspectiveswas a threat to these centers of capital because their own colonies might get the wrong idea and also try for an independent path to their development.
Because World War II left the empires weak, the colonized countries started to break free. In some places, where countries had the potential to bring more democratic processes into place and maybe even provide an example for their neighbors to follow it threatened multinational corporations and their imperial or former imperial states for example, by reducing access to cheap resources.
As a result, their influence, power and control was also threatened. Often then, military actions were sanctioned. To the home populations, the fear of communism was touted, even if it was not the case, in order to gain support.
From Colonization to Globalization, Ocean Press,p. Hence, there is no surprise that some of the main World War II rivals, USA, Germany and Japan as well as other European nations are so prosperous, while the former colonial countries are still so poor; the economic booms of those wealthy nations have been at the expense of most people around the world.
Thus, to ensure this unequal success, power, and advantage globalization was backed up with military might and still is. Hence, even with what seemed like the end of imperialism and colonialism at the end of World War II, and the promotion of Adam Smith free trade and free markets, mercantilist policies still continued.
Adam Smith exposed the previous system as mercantilist and unjust. He then proposed free market capitalism as the alternative.
More about this in the next section on this site.The global financial crisis has become a full-fledged crisis of the real economy as much deeper than the ‘Great Depression’ of s.
The global recession has set in with all its ill effects on employment, loss of livelihood and houses for people around the world.
Music, Film, TV and Political News Coverage. Once a wall is built, it becomes a fact on the landscape that can totally change the logic of the world around it. In the episode “The Walls,” we have stories about people at walls all over the globe.
There are good reasons for any good progressive to bemoan the presence of the childish, racist, sexist and ecocidal, right-wing plutocrat Donald Trump in the White House. In the late s, the World suffered from a big global economic crisis which caused “the largest and sharpest drop in global economic activity of the modern era”, in which “most major developed economies find themselves in a deep recession”, according to McKibbin and Stoeckel (1).
Robin Hood Activists Take Aim at Wall Street. Saturday, September 21, NEW YORK, Sep 21 (IPS) - Five years after the world financial crisis and two years after the Occupy movement it triggered, U.S.
critics of the financial sector are coalescing around .